Rock of Ages: Birth of the Beat
Rock ‘n’ Roll Rode into Tulsa on a ‘Mystery Train,’ and Local Teens Turned the Beat Around to Make Their Own Sound
By JOHN WOOLEY
In the beginning Tulsa swung. But it did not rock.
Then, onto our stages stepped Gene Crose, followed by Clyde Stacy and Bobby Taylor, Wally Wiggins and David Gates and Jack Dunham and Lucky Clark, Junior Markham and Tommy Rush, along with their friends and fellow musicians, some of whom would go on to significant careers in rock ‘n’ roll.
A few would even become household names, although under different monikers. The bespectacled pianist Russell Bridges would, a decade or more later, become Leon Russell, the Master of Space and Time. Former country kid Johnny Cale would become J.J. Cale, whose laid-back, deep-grove songwriting and performing style influenced a huge number of rock artists, including Eric Clapton. Gates would go on to define the pop boundaries of the Tulsa Sound with airy ballads like “Make It With You” and “If,” with his ’70s group Bread, several of which have become genuine popular music evergreens.
But before all that, they were all just a bunch of Tulsa kids who loved music.
Most of them attended high school at Rogers or Central and were pumped up by the musical forces that seemed to be snaking in all around them. At local theaters, there was the grim 1955 juvenile-delinquent picture “Blackboard Jungle,” the groundbreaking “Rock Around the Clock” beating out from the credits with Bill Haley’s hillbilly voice throwing down the rock ‘n’ roll gauntlet. On local radio, even before KAKC changed to the town’s first 24-hour rock ‘n’ roll outlet, disc jockey Frank Berry played rhythm & blues, and Don Wallace launched T-town’s first rock ‘n’ roll radio show — on KTUL, three times daily.
That same year, Elvis hit.
Originally published by Tulsa World on December 28, 2003
What is Rock of Ages?
A five-part series on the early history of rock ‘n’ roll in Tulsa written by John Wooley, originally published in the Tulsa World.
Used with permission from the Tulsa World.
JOHN WOOLEY is a writer, lecturer, filmmaker, and radio host who specializes in the movies, literature, and music of the 1930s and ‘40s as well as other pop-culture history. He has written, co-written, or edited more than 40 books, scripted a number of documentaries, with his scripting extending to comic books and graphic novels. An entertainment writer for the Tulsa World newspaper for 23 years (1983-2006), Wooley has seen his articles and interviews appear in a wide range of other publications, fromTV Guide to the horror-movie magazine Fangoria, for which he wrote more than 100 pieces. He is also the producer and host of the highly rated Swing on This, Tulsa’s only western-swing radio program.
For more information about John and his projects, please visit: